Florida wrongful death cases stem from different types of accidents and injuries. Some may be caused by a vehicle collision, and others may occur at the hands of a negligent health care provider. In any scenario, the plaintiff and their counsel must scrutinize all of the relevant statutes that either affect the way proceedings unfold or present substantive challenges to obtaining the damages one seeks. In Florida, a medical negligence action requires a pre-suit investigation to determine whether or not there are reasonable grounds to believe the medical provider was negligent and caused the injury through this negligence.
A recently issued state Supreme Court decision analyzes one of these pre-suit requirements that allows each prospective defendant the ability to access protected verbal and written health information as part of their pre-suit discovery. The state’s constitution requires the injured party to authorize the release of any information that is potentially relevant to a claim of medical negligence. While irrelevant information is excluded, a claimant must still name her or his providers and dates of treatment. Failing to participate in this phase can lead to a dismissal of the claim.
Specifically at issue in this decision is defendants’ ability to unilaterally schedule an interview with health care providers if the claimant fails to do so within 15 days of a defendant’s request for an interview. Subsequent interviews can be requested to be arranged with only 72 hours’ notice. The personal representative and wife of the decedent at the center of this action filed suit against a treating physician, alleging his negligent care led to the deceased’s injury and death. From the beginning of the litigation, the plaintiff asserted the 2013 amendments allowing access to records in a medical malpractice pre-suit investigation violated the right to privacy under the state’s Constitution.